Paper in M2CAI (workshop MICCAI) on “Fine-tuning Deep Architectures for Surgical Tool Detection” and results of Tool Detection Challange

October 21st, 2016 Irfan Essa Posted in Aneeq Zia, Awards, Computer Vision, Daniel Castro, Medical, MICCAI No Comments »

Paper

  • A. Zia, D. Castro, and I. Essa (2016), “Fine-tuning Deep Architectures for Surgical Tool Detection,” in Workshop and Challenges on Modeling and Monitoring of Computer Assisted Interventions (M2CAI), Held in Conjunction with International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI), Athens, Greece, 2016. [PDF] [WEBSITE] [BIBTEX]
    @InProceedings{    2016-Zia-FDASTD,
      address  = {Athens, Greece},
      author  = {Aneeq Zia and Daniel Castro and Irfan Essa},
      booktitle  = {Workshop and Challenges on Modeling and Monitoring
          of Computer Assisted Interventions (M2CAI), Held in
          Conjunction with International Conference on Medical
          Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention
          (MICCAI)},
      month    = {October},
      pdf    = {http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~irfan/p/2016-Zia-FDASTD.pdf},
      title    = {Fine-tuning Deep Architectures for Surgical Tool
          Detection},
      url    = {http://www.cc.gatech.edu/cpl/projects/deepm2cai/},
      year    = {2016}
    }

Abstract

Visualization of some of the training videos.

Understanding surgical workflow has been a key concern of the medical research community. One of the main advantages of surgical workflow detection is real-time operating room (OR) scheduling. For hospitals, each minute of OR time is important in order to reduce cost and increase patient throughput. Traditional approaches in this field generally tackle the video analysis using hand-crafted video features to facilitate the tool detection. Recently, Twinanda et al. presented a CNN architecture ’EndoNet’ which outperformed previous methods for both surgical tool detection and surgical phase detection. Given the recent success of these networks, we present a study of various architectures coupled with a submission to the M2CAI Surgical Tool Detection challenge. We achieved a top-3 result for the M2CAI competition with a mAP of 37.6.

 

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Paper (ACM MM 2016) “Leveraging Contextual Cues for Generating Basketball Highlights”

October 18th, 2016 Irfan Essa Posted in ACM MM, Caroline Pantofaru, Computational Photography and Video, Computer Vision, Papers, Sports Visualization, Vinay Bettadapura No Comments »

Paper

  • V. Bettadapura, C. Pantofaru, and I. Essa (2016), “Leveraging Contextual Cues for Generating Basketball Highlights,” in Proceedings of ACM International Conference on Multimedia (ACM-MM), 2016. [PDF] [WEBSITE] [arXiv] [BIBTEX]
    @InProceedings{    2016-Bettadapura-LCCGBH,
      arxiv    = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1606.08955},
      author  = {Vinay Bettadapura and Caroline Pantofaru and Irfan
          Essa},
      booktitle  = {Proceedings of ACM International Conference on
          Multimedia (ACM-MM)},
      month    = {October},
      organization  = {ACM},
      pdf    = {http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~irfan/p/2016-Bettadapura-LCCGBH.pdf},
      title    = {Leveraging Contextual Cues for Generating
          Basketball Highlights},
      url    = {http://www.vbettadapura.com/highlights/basketball/index.htm},
      year    = {2016}
    }

Abstract

2016-Bettadapura-LCCGBH

Leveraging Contextual Cues for Generating Basketball Highlights

The massive growth of sports videos has resulted in a need for automatic generation of sports highlights that are comparable in quality to the hand-edited highlights produced by broadcasters such as ESPN. Unlike previous works that mostly use audio-visual cues derived from the video, we propose an approach that additionally leverages contextual cues derived from the environment that the game is being played in. The contextual cues provide information about the excitement levels in the game, which can be ranked and selected to automatically produce high-quality basketball highlights. We introduce a new dataset of 25 NCAA games along with their play-by-play stats and the ground-truth excitement data for each basket. We explore the informativeness of five different cues derived from the video and from the environment through user studies. Our experiments show that for our study participants, the highlights produced by our system are comparable to the ones produced by ESPN for the same games.

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Paper in IJCARS (2016) on “Automated video-based assessment of surgical skills for training and evaluation in medical schools”

September 2nd, 2016 Irfan Essa Posted in Activity Recognition, Aneeq Zia, Computer Vision, Eric Sarin, Mark Clements, Medical, MICCAI, Thomas Ploetz, Vinay Bettadapura, Yachna Sharma No Comments »

Paper

  • A. Zia, Y. Sharma, V. Bettadapura, E. L. Sarin, T. Ploetz, M. A. Clements, and I. Essa (2016), “Automated video-based assessment of surgical skills for training and evaluation in medical schools,” International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, vol. 11, iss. 9, pp. 1623-1636, 2016. [WEBSITE] [DOI] [BIBTEX]
    @Article{    2016-Zia-AVASSTEMS,
      author  = {Zia, Aneeq and Sharma, Yachna and Bettadapura,
          Vinay and Sarin, Eric L and Ploetz, Thomas and
          Clements, Mark A and Essa, Irfan},
      doi    = {10.1007/s11548-016-1468-2},
      journal  = {International Journal of Computer Assisted
          Radiology and Surgery},
      month    = {September},
      number  = {9},
      pages    = {1623--1636},
      publisher  = {Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
      title    = {Automated video-based assessment of surgical skills
          for training and evaluation in medical schools},
      url    = {http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11548-016-1468-2},
      volume  = {11},
      year    = {2016}
    }

Abstract

2016-Zia-AVASSTEMS

Sample frames from our video dataset

Purpose: Routine evaluation of basic surgical skills in medical schools requires considerable time and effort from supervising faculty. For each surgical trainee, a supervisor has to observe the trainees in- person. Alternatively, supervisors may use training videos, which reduces some of the logistical overhead. All these approaches, however, are still incredibly time consuming and involve human bias. In this paper, we present an automated system for surgical skills assessment by analyzing video data of surgical activities.

Method : We compare different techniques for video-based surgical skill evaluation. We use techniques that capture the motion information at a coarser granularity using symbols or words, extract motion dynamics using textural patterns in a frame kernel matrix, and analyze fine-grained motion information using frequency analysis. Results: We were successfully able to classify surgeons into different skill levels with high accuracy. Our results indicate that fine-grained analysis of motion dynamics via frequency analysis is most effective in capturing the skill relevant information in surgical videos.

Conclusion: Our evaluations show that frequency features perform better than motion texture features, which in turn perform better than symbol/word-based features. Put succinctly, skill classification accuracy is positively correlated with motion granularity as demonstrated by our results on two challenging video datasets.

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Research Blog: Motion Stills – Create beautiful GIFs from Live Photos

June 7th, 2016 Irfan Essa Posted in Computational Photography and Video, Computer Vision, In The News, Interesting, Matthias Grundmann, Projects No Comments »

Kudos to the team from Machine Perception at Google Research that just launched the Motion Still App to generate novel photos on an iOS device. This work is in part aimed at combining efforts like Video Textures and Video Stabilization and a lot more.

Today we are releasing Motion Stills, an iOS app from Google Research that acts as a virtual camera operator for your Apple Live Photos. We use our video stabilization technology to freeze the background into a still photo or create sweeping cinematic pans. The resulting looping GIFs and movies come alive, and can easily be shared via messaging or on social media.

Source: Research Blog: Motion Stills – Create beautiful GIFs from Live Photos

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Paper (WACV 2016) “Discovering Picturesque Highlights from Egocentric Vacation Videos”

March 7th, 2016 Irfan Essa Posted in Computational Photography and Video, Computer Vision, Daniel Castro, PAMI/ICCV/CVPR/ECCV, Vinay Bettadapura No Comments »

Paper

  • D. Castro, V. Bettadapura, and I. Essa (2016), “Discovering Picturesque Highlights from Egocentric Vacation Video,” in Proceedings of IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2016. [PDF] [WEBSITE] [arXiv] [BIBTEX]
    @InProceedings{    2016-Castro-DPHFEVV,
      arxiv    = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1601.04406},
      author  = {Daniel Castro and Vinay Bettadapura and Irfan
          Essa},
      booktitle  = {Proceedings of IEEE Winter Conference on
          Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)},
      month    = {March},
      pdf    = {http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~irfan/p/2016-Castro-DPHFEVV.pdf},
      title    = {Discovering Picturesque Highlights from Egocentric
          Vacation Video},
      url    = {http://www.cc.gatech.edu/cpl/projects/egocentrichighlights/},
      year    = {2016}
    }

Abstract

2016-Castro-DPHFEVVWe present an approach for identifying picturesque highlights from large amounts of egocentric video data. Given a set of egocentric videos captured over the course of a vacation, our method analyzes the videos and looks for images that have good picturesque and artistic properties. We introduce novel techniques to automatically determine aesthetic features such as composition, symmetry, and color vibrancy in egocentric videos and rank the video frames based on their photographic qualities to generate highlights. Our approach also uses contextual information such as GPS, when available, to assess the relative importance of each geographic location where the vacation videos were shot. Furthermore, we specifically leverage the properties of egocentric videos to improve our highlight detection. We demonstrate results on a new egocentric vacation dataset which includes 26.5 hours of videos taken over a 14-day vacation that spans many famous tourist destinations and also provide results from a user-study to access our results.

 

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Spring 2016 Teaching

January 10th, 2016 Irfan Essa Posted in Computational Photography, Computational Photography and Video, Computer Vision, Computer Vision No Comments »

My teaching activities for Spring 2016 areBB1162B4-4F87-480C-A850-00C54FAA0E21

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Presentation at Max-Planck-Institut für Informatik in Saarbrücken (2015): “Video Analysis and Enhancement”

September 14th, 2015 Irfan Essa Posted in Computational Journalism, Computational Photography and Video, Computer Vision, Presentations, Ubiquitous Computing No Comments »

Video Analysis and Enhancement: Spatio-Temporal Methods for Extracting Content from Videos and Enhancing Video OutputSaarbrücken_St_Johanner_Markt_Brunnen

Irfan Essa (prof.irfanessa.com)

Georgia Institute of Technology
School of Interactive Computing

Hosted by Max-Planck-Institut für Informatik in Saarbrucken (Bernt Schiele, Director of Computer Vision and Multimodal Computing)

Abstract 

In this talk, I will start with describing the pervasiveness of image and video content, and how such content is growing with the ubiquity of cameras.  I will use this to motivate the need for better tools for analysis and enhancement of video content. I will start with some of our earlier work on temporal modeling of video, then lead up to some of our current work and describe two main projects. (1) Our approach for a video stabilizer, currently implemented and running on YouTube, and its extensions. (2) A robust and scaleable method for video segmentation. 

I will describe, in some detail, our Video stabilization method, which generates stabilized videos and is in wide use running on YouTube, with Millions of users. Then I will  describe an efficient and scalable technique for spatiotemporal segmentation of long video sequences using a hierarchical graph-based algorithm. I will describe the videosegmentation.com site that we have developed for making this system available for wide use.

Finally, I will follow up with some recent work on image and video analysis in the mobile domains.  I will also make some observations about the ubiquity of imaging and video in general and need for better tools for video analysis. 

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Dagstuhl Workshop 2015: “Modeling and Simulation of Sport Games, Sport Movements, and Adaptations to Training”

September 13th, 2015 Irfan Essa Posted in Activity Recognition, Behavioral Imaging, Computer Vision, Human Factors, Modeling and Animation, Presentations No Comments »

Participated in the Dagstuhl Workshop on “Modeling and Simulation of Sport Games, Sport Movements, and Adaptations to Training” at the Dagstuhl Castle, September 13  – 16, 2015.

Motivation

Computational modeling and simulation are essential to analyze human motion and interaction in sports science. Applications range from game analysis, issues in training science like training load-adaptation relationship, motor control & learning, to biomechanical analysis. The motivation of this seminar is to enable an interdisciplinary exchange between sports and computer scientists to advance modeling and simulation technologies in selected fields of applications: sport games, sport movements and adaptations to training. In addition, contributions to the epistemic basics of modeling and simulation are welcome.

Source: Schloss Dagstuhl : Seminar Homepage

Past Seminars on this topic include

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Presentation at Max-Planck-Institute for Intelligent Systems in Tübingen (2015): “Data-Driven Methods for Video Analysis and Enhancement”

September 10th, 2015 Irfan Essa Posted in Computational Photography and Video, Computer Vision, Machine Learning, Presentations No Comments »

Data-Driven Methods for Video Analysis and EnhancementIMG_3995

Irfan Essa (prof.irfanessa.com)
Georgia Institute of Technology

Thursday, September 10, 2 pm,
Max Planck House Lecture Hall (Spemannstr. 36)
Hosted by Max-Planck-Institute for Intelligent Systems (Michael Black, Director of Percieving Systems)

Abstract

In this talk, I will start with describing the pervasiveness of image and video content, and how such content is growing with the ubiquity of cameras.  I will use this to motivate the need for better tools for analysis and enhancement of video content. I will start with some of our earlier work on temporal modeling of video, then lead up to some of our current work and describe two main projects. (1) Our approach for a video stabilizer, currently implemented and running on YouTube and its extensions. (2) A robust and scalable method for video segmentation.

I will describe, in some detail, our Video stabilization method, which generates stabilized videos and is in wide use. Our method allows for video stabilization beyond the conventional filtering that only suppresses high-frequency jitter. This method also supports the removal of rolling shutter distortions common in modern CMOS cameras that capture the frame one scan-line at a time resulting in non-rigid image distortions such as shear and wobble. Our method does not rely on apriori knowledge and works on video from any camera or on legacy footage. I will showcase examples of this approach and also discuss how this method is launched and running on YouTube, with Millions of users.

Then I will  describe an efficient and scalable technique for spatiotemporal segmentation of long video sequences using a hierarchical graph-based algorithm. This hierarchical approach generates high-quality segmentations and we demonstrate the use of this segmentation as users interact with the video, enabling efficient annotation of objects within the video. I will also show some recent work on how this segmentation and annotation can be used to do dynamic scene understanding.

I will then follow up with some recent work on image and video analysis in the mobile domains.  I will also make some observations about the ubiquity of imaging and video in general and need for better tools for video analysis.

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Participated in the KAUST Conference on Computational Imaging and Vision 2015

March 1st, 2015 Irfan Essa Posted in Computational Photography and Video, Computer Vision, Daniel Castro, Presentations No Comments »

I was invited to participate and present at the King Abdullah University of Science & Technology Conference on Computational Imaging and Vision (CIV)

March 1-4, 2015
Building 19 Level 3, Lecture Halls
Visual Computing Center (VCC)

Invited Speakers included

  • Shree Nayar – Columbia University
  • Daniel Cremers – Technical University of Munich
  • Rene Vidal –The Johns Hopkins University
  • Wolfgang Heidrich – VCC, KAUST
  • Jingyi Yu –University of Delaware
  • Irfan Essa – The Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Mubarak Shah – University of Central Florida
  • Larry Davis – University of Maryland
  • David Forsyth –University of Illinois
  • Gordon Wetzstein – Stanford University
  • Brian Barsky – University of California
  • Yi Ma – ShanghaiTech University
  • etc.

This event was hosted by the Visual Computing Center (Wolfgang HeidrichBernard GhanemGanesh Sundaramoorthi).

Daniel Castro also attended and presented a poster at the meeting.

2015-03-KUAST

AddThis Social Bookmark Button