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Paper: IEEE CVPR (2005) “Tracking multiple objects through occlusions”

June 20th, 2005 Irfan Essa Posted in Activity Recognition, Aware Home, PAMI/ICCV/CVPR/ECCV, Papers, Yan Huang No Comments »

Huang, Y and Essa, I. (2005) “Tracking multiple objects through occlusions”,  In Proceedings of IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2005 (CVPR 2005), Volume: 2 page(s): 1051 – 1058 vol. 2, ISSN: 1063-6919, ISBN: 0-7695-2372-2, INSPEC Accession Number:8633324 DOI: 10.1109/CVPR.2005.350, [IEEEXplore#] 20-25 June 2005


We present an approach for tracking varying number of objects through both temporally and spatially significant occlusions. Our method builds on the idea of object permanence to reason about occlusions. To this end, tracking is performed at both the region level and the object level. At the region level, a customized genetic algorithm is used to search for optimal region tracks. This limits the scope of object trajectories. At the object level, each object is located based on adaptive appearance models, spatial distributions and inter-occlusion relationships. The proposed architecture is capable of tracking objects even in the presence of long periods of full occlusions. We demonstrate the viability of this approach by experimenting on several videos of a user interacting with a variety of objects on a desktop.

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Paper: IEEE CVPR (2004) “Propagation networks for recognition of partially ordered sequential action”

June 2nd, 2004 Irfan Essa Posted in Aaron Bobick, Activity Recognition, Aware Home, David Minnen, Papers, Yan Huang, Yifan Shi No Comments »

Yifan Shi, Yan Huang, Minnen, D., Bobick, A., Essa, I. (2004), “Propagation networks for recognition of partially ordered sequential action” In Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2004 (CVPR 2004). Volume: 2, page(s): II-862 – II-869 Vol.2, ISSN: 1063-6919, ISBN: 0-7695-2158-4, INSPEC Accession Number:8161557, Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/CVPR.2004.1315255, 27 June-2 July 2004 (IEEEXplore)


We present propagation networks (P-nets), a novel approach for representing and recognizing sequential activities that include parallel streams of action. We represent each activity using partially ordered intervals. Each interval is restricted by both temporal and logical constraints, including information about its duration and its temporal relationship with other intervals. P-nets associate one node with each temporal interval. Each node is triggered according to a probability density function that depends on the state of its parent nodes. Each node also has an associated observation function that characterizes supporting perceptual evidence. To facilitate real-time analysis, we introduce a particle filter framework to explore the conditional state space. We modify the original condensation algorithm to more efficiently sample a discrete state space (D-condensation). Experiments in the domain of blood glucose monitor calibration demonstrate both the representational power of P-nets and the effectiveness of the D-condensation algorithm.

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